1. Exposure Monitoring for Hexavalent Chromium | Workplace ...

    Exposure Monitoring for Hexavalent Chromium. By Jerome E. Spear, CSP, CIH. OSHA requires employers to determine Cr(VI) exposures to employees. Options for exposure determinations include initial and periodic exposure monitoring and/or the use of objective data. If objective data is used, the data must reflect workplace conditions closely ...

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  2. Facts About Chromium | Live Science

    Chromium is a transition metal in Group 6 on the Periodic Table of Elements. In its pure form, chromium is a silvery, lustrous, hard metal that has a high polish, ideal for electroplating.

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  3. OSHA Hexavalent Chromium Standards

    tional exposure to hexavalent chromium, also known as Cr(VI). Chromium is a natural metal that may be used in a wide variety of industrial activities, including the manufacture of stainless steel, arcwelding, painting and pigment application, electroplating, and other surface coating processes. OSHA

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  4. Facts about Hexavalent Chromium (Chromium 6)

    Facts about Hexavalent Chromium (Chromium 6) Hexavalent chromium, also called chromium 6, came to the public's attention with the 2000 release of the movie Erin Brockovich, which focused on the contaminated drinking water of Hinkley, California. Hexavalent chromium is a heavy metal used in producing pigments,

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  5. Hexavalent Chromium | Workplace Safety and Health Topics ...

    Hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) compounds are a large group of chemicals with varying properties, uses, and workplace exposures. Hexavalent chromium is harmful to the eyes, skin, and respiratory system. NIOSH considers all Cr(VI) compounds to be occupational carcinogens. Workers may be harmed from ...

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  6. Chromium-6 Fact Sheet - California State Water Resources ...

    Aug 21, 2013· Chromium-6 Fact Sheet CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH The following questions and answers are intended to address issues and concerns surrounding Public Health Goals, Maximum Contaminant Levels, and detections of hexavalent chromium in drinking water, and steps CDPH and its regulatory partners are

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  7. OSHA Fact Sheet: Health Effects of Hexavalent Chromium ...

    Health Effects of Hexavalent Chromium Hexavalent chromium is a toxic form of the element chromium. Hexavalent chromium compounds are man-made and widely used in many different industries. Some major industrial sources of hexavalent chromium are: chromate pigments in …

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  8. Hexavalent Chromium Facts - americanchemistry.com

    Hexavalent chromium (Cr6) is a form of the element chromium, which is one of the most abundant chemical elements found in the earth’s crust. It occurs naturally in rocks and other minerals. A part per billion (1 ppb) is about a drop of water in an Olympic size swimming pool.

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  9. Get the Facts: Hexavalent Chromium

    Industries where hexavalent chromium is found. Hex chrome is the most toxic form of the naturally occurring element chromium. Although trivalent chromium (Cr III) is commonly found in nature and is an essential nutrient for humans, the hexavalent form is a product of industrial activities.

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  10. Department of Public Health Fact Sheet

    Chromium is an odorless and tasteless metallic element in the periodic table. Chromium is found naturally in rocks, plants, soil, volcanic dust, humans and animals. The most common forms of chromium in the environ-ment are the trivalent, hexavalent and the metallic form, chromium-0. Trivalent chromium occurs naturally in

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  11. Hexavalent Chromium: The Facts (Safety Video) - 1010F ...

    Oct 22, 2012· This program discusses some of the dangers of Hexavalent Chromium (HC) exposure. HC is a known carcinogen that if exposed to can cause illness or death. Runtime: 12 minutes

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  12. FactSheet - osha.gov

    Hexavalent chromium is a toxic form of the element chromium. Hexavalent chromium compounds are man-made and widely used in many different industries. Skin exposure can occur during direct handling of hexavalent chromium-containing solutions, coatings, and cements.

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  13. FACTS ABOUT: CHROMIUM

    FACTS ABOUT: CHROMIUM . Maryland D. epartment of the nvironment . E. CHROMIUM CHARACTERISTICS AND USES. Chromium is a naturally occurring element found in rocks, animals, plants, and soil. Historically, chromium has been mined in several locations in Maryland. The Baltimore Chrome Works facility, a major processor of chromium ore, was built in ...

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  14. What is Hexavalent Chromium (or Chromium-6)? | Britannica.com

    Hexavalent chromium (Cr +6), in contrast, is toxic. The chemical is used in a number of industrial processes as well as for leather tanning, chromium plating, colored glass making and in paint pigments and inks that color plastics and fabrics and serve as corrosion-resistant coatings. It is hazardous when breathed in, ingested, or touched.

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  15. The Dangers of Hexavalent Chromium (Chromium 6) in ...

    On April 15, 2014, the California Department of Public Health (DPH) released the final hexavalent chromium drinking water standard of 10 parts per billion (ppb). In addition to being 10 years late, the standard is 500 times higher than the level that State scientists have determined would not result in significant public health problems.

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  16. Side Effects of Hexavalent Chromium | Healthfully

    Hexavalent chromium is considered a general carcinogen. If ingested, you may experience any type of cancer, including stomach, throat and uterine cancer. Lung cancer, however, is the most prevalent form of cancer caused by hexavalent chromium. Typically, industrial workers exposed to hexavalent chromium on a daily basis develop lung cancer.

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  17. 6 Surprising Facts about Chromium-6 in Water - Culligan

    Jan 05, 2017· 6 Surprising Facts about Chromium-6 in Water. Chromium-6 is also known as hexavalent chromium. And it’s an industrial chemical that can be found in the drinking water of all 50 states. Let’s learn more about chromium-6 in water.

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  18. Fun Facts about Chromium | Gohomeworkhelp.com

    Hexavalent chromium and its compounds are really toxic. The +1, +4 and +5 oxidation states also take place, although they are less frequent. Chromium Facts for Kids. Chromium in air is passivated through oxygen, developing a protective layer that is essentially a spinel that is several atoms thick.

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  19. Chromium (Hexavalent Compounds) - (Chromium 6, Chromium …

    Chromium 6, also known as hexavalent chromium, is the most toxic form of the metal chromium. It is naturally found in rocks and may enter the groundwater by weathering of chromium 6-containing rocks or from industrial contamination.

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  20. What You Need to Know About Hexavalent Chromium ...

    When Hexavalent Chromium is above PEL. On processes producing hexavalent chromium above the PEL of 5 µg/m3, engineering controls must be implemented. Engineering controls have to be in place and running by May 31, 2010. Until then respiratory protection …

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  21. Chromium and its negative effects on the environment

    Chromium VI (hexavalent chromium) is considered carcinogenic only to animals in certain circumstances at this point; chromium in general is currently not classified as a carcinogen as the OSHA and is fairly unregulated, but is considered toxic, level 3. While chromium III is essential for regular operation of human vascular and metabolic ...

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  22. Chromium Facts for Kids

    Hexavalent Chromium. What is hexavalent chromium? Hexavalent chromium is a form of the metallic element . chromium. Chromium is a naturally occurring element found in rocks, animals, plants, soil, and volcanic dust and gases. It comes in several different forms, including trivalent chromium and hexavalent chromium. Trivalent

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  23. Chromium Compounds

    Chromium is a naturally occurring element in rocks, animals, plants, soil, and volcanic dust and gases. (1) Chromium occurs in the environment predominantly in one of two valence states: trivalent chromium (Cr III), which occurs naturally and is an essential nutrient, and hexavalent chromium (Cr …

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  24. ATSDR - ToxFAQs™: Chromium

    Feb 12, 2013· Exposure to chromium occurs from ingesting contaminated food or drinking water or breathing contaminated workplace air. Chromium(VI) at high levels can damage the nose and can cause cancer. Chromium has been found at 1,036 of the 1,591 National Priority List sites identified by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

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  25. Erin Brockovich - Wikipedia

    The case (Anderson, et al. v. Pacific Gas and Electric, file BCV 00300) alleged contamination of drinking water with hexavalent chromium (also written as "chromium VI", "Cr-VI" or "Cr-6") in the southern California town of Hinkley.At the center of the case was a facility, the Hinkley compressor station, built in 1952 as a part of a natural-gas pipeline connecting to the San Francisco Bay Area.

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  26. Hexavalent chromium - Wikipedia

    Hexavalent chromium (chromium(VI), Cr(VI), chromium 6) is any chemical compound that contains the element chromium in the +6 oxidation state (thus hexavalent).Virtually all chromium ore is processed via hexavalent chromium, specifically the salt sodium dichromate.Approximately 136,000 tonnes (300,000,000 lb) of hexavalent chromium were produced in 1985.

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  27. Chromium Facts - Cr or Atomic Number 24

    Hexavalent chromium is an odorless, tasteless metallic element found naturally in rocks, plants and soil. Chromium is the 21 st most common element found in the Earth’s crust. There are two common forms of chromium: Trivalent chromium is an essential human dietary element found in vegetable, meats, fruits, grains and yeast.

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  28. Dietary Supplement Fact Sheet: Chromium — Health ...

    Chromium is a mineral that humans require in trace amounts, although its mechanisms of action in the body and the amounts needed for optimal health are not well defined. It is found primarily in two forms: 1) trivalent (chromium 3+), which is biologically active and found in food, and 2) hexavalent ...

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  29. FACT SHEET Hexavalent Chromium (Particulate Compounds)

    chromium III or trivalent chromium, and chromium VI or hexavalent chromium. While the metal form of chromium is used for making steel, the hexavalent and trivalent forms of chromium are used for chrome plating, dyes and pigments, leather tanning, and wood preservation. How are hexavalent chromium compounds released into ambient air?

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  30. Draft Public Health Goal for Hexavalent Chromium fact sheet

    Draft Public Health Goal for Hexavalent Chromium A fact sheet by the Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, California Environmental Protection Agency August, 2009-----Q. What is hexavalent chromium? A. Hexavalent chromium, also known as chromium 6, is a heavy metal that is commonly found at low levels in drinking water. ...

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  31. 10 Interesting Facts About Chromium - A Knowledge Archive

    10 Interesting Facts About Chromium. July 13, 2015, cherran, Leave a comment. Chromite and Crocoite Chromium, also known as chrome, can be highly found at a dull and dark stone called chromite. It can also be found at an extremely rare mineral called crocoite. Chromite was discovered by a …

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  32. THE FACTS CHROMIUM VI - roadmaponcarcinogens.eu

    THE FACTS CHROMIUM VI About 900.000 workers in the EU are estimated to be exposed to hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)). Studies of workers in chromate production, chromate pigment and chrome electroplating industries employed before the 1980s show increased rates of lung cancer mortality. All hexavalent chromium compounds are classified as Group

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  33. 10 Facts About the Element Chromium

    Hexavalent chromium and its compounds are extremely toxic and also carcinogenic. The +1, +4, and +5 oxidation states also occur, although they are less common. Chromium occurs naturally as a mix of three stable isotopes: Cr-52, Cr-53, and Cr-54. Chromium-52 is the most abundant isotope, accounting for 83.789 percent of its natural abundance.

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